Male and Female Infertility
A proper diagnosis is essential for providing personalized and effective treatment. The process begins with an infertility evaluation of each couple to determine why they have not become pregnant naturally.
Women usually undergo two main diagnostic tests: (i) vaginal ultrasound, to rule out any uterine diseases and do a follicle count to determine a woman’s ovarian reserve; (ii) hormonal analysis to verify normal ovarian function.
If these tests results are normal or the semen is slightly altered, we will analyse the permeability of the Fallopian tubes with a test known as hysterosalpingography. This test consists of introducing contrast dye in the cervix and verifying that it spreads throughout both tubes in their entirety.
Men undergo a semen analysis which involves obtaining a semen sample to examine the number, motility, and morphology (shape) of the sperm.
We also test sperm DNA fragmentation—in other words, the possibility that there are breaks in sperm DNA strands, which may lead to implantation failure, abnormal embryonic development, or a miscarriage in the later stages of pregnancy.
Finally, spermatic capacitation is conducted to determine the most appropriate reproduction technique.